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1.68. Towage of the trailer or car


Prevention

Abstain from towage of the trailer throughout the first 2000 km of a run for providing extra earnings of details of the new car. Not observance of this precautionary measure can lead to serious damage of the engine or transmission.



Towing hooks

Choose the correct combination of the traction coupling device, having convinced that its arrangement coincides with the place of fastening on the trailer or the towed car. Use the traction coupling device which evenly distributes load of the chassis.
Prevention

Do not connect the brake system of the trailer to the brake system of the car.
At towage of the trailer on the steep slope (exceeding 12%), pay special attention to the index of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine not to allow an engine overheat. If the arrow of the index of temperature of cooling liquid of the engine entered a zone "H" (Hot) of a scale, stop the car in the safe place and let's the engine work idling until it cools down. After that you can continue the movement.



The maximum mass of the trailer and the maximum load on the coupling device

Load of the coupling device can be increased or reduced by redistribution of loading in the trailer. It is possible to be convinced of it by check of full mass of the loaded trailer and check of load of the coupling device.
Prevention

Do not load the trailer so that its back part was loaded more lobby. 60% of the mass of freight in the trailer have to fall on a forward half of the trailer, and the remained 40% for a back half.
The full mass of the trailer should not exceed the indicators specified in the table.
Load of a forward or back axis should not exceed the maximum load on an axis specified on the identification plate of the car. It is possible that the mass of the towed trailer does not exceed the full mass of the car, but exceeds the maximum load on an axis. The wrong loading of the trailer and / or too large number of baggage in a luggage carrier of the car can lead to an overload of a back axis. Redistribute loading, and again check load of axes.
The most permissible static vertical load on the coupling device makes 50 kg.



The maximum mass of the trailer and permissible load on the coupling device






Maximum load
Maximum mass of the trailer
The most permissible load on the coupling device
With brakes
1,3l.
900
50
1,5l.
1100
Without brakes
453
50

Prevention

The wrong loading of your car and trailer can seriously influence work of steering and the brake system that can lead to the road accident in which you can seriously suffer.



Councils for driving of the car with the trailer

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Before towage check connections of the coupling device, safety chains, and also operation of lighting lamps, stoplights and indexes of turns of the trailer.
2. Always try to move at a moderate speed.
3. Towage of the trailer demands bigger amount of fuel.
4. For effective braking by the engine and works of system of charging, do not include the fifth transfer (the mechanical transmission) or the raising transfer (the automatic transmission).
5. Always fix baggage in the trailer that it could not be thrown out on the road to time of the movement.
6. Always fix baggage in the trailer that it could not be thrown out on the road to time of the movement.
7. The combination the car / trailer is more subject to impact of side winds and shock waves.
If you are overtaken by the big car, hold a wheel directly and observe the constant speed of the movement. If a shock wave of air from the passing car too strong, reduce speed.
8. At the parking of the car and trailer, especially on a bias, observe usual precautionary measures. Turn forward wheels towards a border, turn on the parking brake and transfer the gear shifting lever to the provision of the 1st transfer or transfer of a backing (mechanical transmission) or transfer the selector to situation "P" ("Parking") (the automatic transmission). Moreover, place brake boots under each wheel of the trailer.
9. If the trailer is equipped with electric brakes, begin the movement of the car and trailer and turn on the controller of brakes of the trailer hands to be convinced that brakes work. It will also help to check connections of an electrical wiring.
10. During the travel periodically check reliability of fastening of baggage and work of lighting and stoplights of the trailer.
11. Avoid sharp start-off from the place, sharp accelerations and sharp braking.
12. Avoid sharp turns and sharp change of a number of the movement.
13. Avoid too long keeping or frequent pressing a brake pedal. It can cause an overheat of brakes and decrease in efficiency of their work.
14. Before descent from a bias include a low gear completely to use effect of braking by the engine. At long rise include a low gear and reduce the speed of the movement to avoid excessive load of the engine and / or an engine overheat.
15. In case of a stop at rise on the mountain, do not hold the car on the place by pressing an accelerator pedal. It can lead to an overheat of the automatic transmission. Use a pedal of a brake or the parking brake.

Prevention

In case of an engine overheat during towage (the index of temperature of cooling liquid in a red zone of a scale), you can eliminate malfunction as follows:

1. Switch off the conditioner.
2. Reduce car speed.
3. At rise include a low gear.
4. If you got to traffic jam, transfer the selector to situation "P" ("Parking") or "N" ("Neutral transfer") and let's the engine work on the increased idling turns.