12. Steering

General information

Steering consists of a steering wheel, a steering column, steering tooth rack gearing and steering drafts. The steering wheel is fixed on a shaft of a steering column and transfers effort to tooth rack gearing.

From each party the gear lath of steering transfer is connected by the spherical hinge to cross steering draft. Steering drafts transmit effort through steering rod ends and rotary fists to forward wheels. Such design of steering has the easy course in the absence of a side play at turn of a steering wheel from an emphasis against the stop.

For simplification of turn of a steering wheel establish the hydraulic amplifier of steering consisting of the pump of the amplifier of the steering put in action by a belt from a bent shaft, a tank with liquid, hoses and tubes, and steering transfer.

STEERING COLUMN / HELMSMAN SHAFT

1 – bolt, 15–20 N • m;
2 – an intermediate shaft with universal hinges;
3 – bolt, 15–20 N • m;
4 – bolt, 4–6 N • m;
5 – protective cover;
6 – steering column;
7 – clip.

Removal

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Remove the button of a sound signal and disconnect the electric socket.
2. Turn off a nut of fastening of a steering wheel.
3. Apply combination tags on an end face of a steering shaft and a steering wheel and a stripper 09561–11002 remove a steering wheel.

Prevention

You do not knock on a steering wheel as these can damage a steering column.


4. Remove the lower plug a smyatiya.
5. Turn out screws and remove casings of a steering column.
6. Disconnect electric sockets from switches.
7. Remove multipurpose switches.
8. Turn out the bolt connecting the universal hinge and a shaft of a gear wheel of steering transfer.
9. Turn out the bolts fixing a steering column to an arm and remove a steering column from the car.

Dismantling

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Weaken a bolt of fastening of a steering shaft to the universal hinge and remove the universal hinge.
2. If necessary remove the lock of a steering column, previously having cut through a hacksaw on metals grooves in heads of the cut-off bolts. Turn off bolts the screw-driver with a flat edge and remove the lock of a steering column.

Prevention

At installation of the lock of ignition it is necessary to use new bolts with the cut-off head.


3. If necessary remove the lever and an arm of the mechanism of adjustment of a tilt angle of a steering column.

Prevention

Do not sort a steering column and a steering shaft.



Check

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Check a steering column and a steering shaft for absence of damage and deformations.
2. Check the universal hinge of a steering shaft for lack of a side play, damages and jammings.
3. Check a tilt angle arm for lack of cracks and damages.
4. Check work the mechanism of the lock of a steering column.
5. Check a protective cover for lack of cracks or damages.

Assembly

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Assembly is carried out to the sequences to the return dismantling.
2. Combine the lock of a steering column with a ledge of a column and insert the ignition key to check operation of the lock of a steering column before tightening of bolts with the cut-off heads.

Prevention

Do not use ordinary screws for fastening of the lock of a steering column.



Installation

PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Install the universal hinge on a shaft of a steering column.

Prevention

Make sure that the universal hinge is installed correctly, as shown in the drawing. Check that the bolt was established correctly in dredging of a shaft of a gear wheel of steering transfer and the end of a bolt left from the opposite side of the universal hinge.


2. Install the universal hinge together with shaft of a steering column on a shaft of a gear wheel of steering transfer and temporarily fix by a bolt.
3. Establish a shaft of a steering column to an assembly frame.

Prevention

At installation be careful not to bend a steering column.


4. Tighten a bolt of fastening of the universal hinge with shaft of a gear wheel of steering transfer.
5. Install the multipurpose switch and connect electric sockets.
6. Establish casings of a steering column.
7. Install the lower plug a smyatiya.
8. Establish a steering wheel.

Prevention

After installation of a steering wheel be convinced that the tags put before removal were combined and the steering wheel is in situation for the rectilinear movement.